Most women experience some form of period pain during their lifetime. The medical term for period pain is dysmenorrhea.
Dysmenorrhea, also known as dysmenorrhea, painful periods, or menstrual cramps, is pain during menstruation. It usually begins around the time that menstruation begins.
Symptoms typically last less than three days. The pain is usually in the pelvis or lower abdomen. Other symptoms may include back pain, diarrhea, or nausea.
In young women painful periods often occur without an underlying problem. In older women it is more often due to an underlying issues such as uterine fibroids, adenomyosis, or endometriosis.
It is more common among those with heavy periods, irregular periods, whose periods started before twelve years of age, or who have a low body weight. A pelvic exam in those who are sexually active and ultrasound may be useful to help in diagnosis. Conditions that should be ruled out include ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, interstitial cystitis, and chronic pelvic pain.
Dysmenorrhea occurs less often in those who exercise regularly and those who have children early in life.
Dysmenorrhea is estimated to occur in 20% to 90% of women of reproductive age. It is the most common menstrual disorder. Typically it starts within a year of the first menstrual period. When there is no underlying cause often the pain improves with age or following having a child.
Period pain is also called as dysmenorrhea or painful periods. Period pain is pain during menstrual periods, often defined simply as menstrual periods pain or at least menstrual pain that is excessive.
Dysmenorrhea or period pain definition is painful periods that interferes with daily activities.
Period pain is often used synonymously with menstrual cramps, also refer to menstrual uterine contractions, which are generally of higher strength, duration and frequency than in the normal menstrual cycle.
Dysmenorrhea, period pain including burning, sharp, dull, throbbing, shooting, or nauseating pain. Dysmenorrhea may precede menstruation by several days or may accompany it. Dysmenorrhea may accompany with excessively heavy blood loss, known as heavy menstrual bleeding or menorrhagia.
Painful menstrual periods fall into two groups, depending on the cause:
Primary dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain that occurs around the time that menstrual periods first begin in otherwise healthy young women. In most cases, this pain not related to a specific problem with the uterus or other pelvic organs. Increased activity of the hormone prostaglandin, which is produced in the uterus, is thought to play a role in this condition.
Secondary dysmenorrhea is menstrual pain that develops later in women who have had normal periods.
Dysmenorrhea (dysmenorrhea or painful menstruation) is pain during menstruation, dysmenorrhea is often defined simply as menstrual pain, or at least menstrual pain that is excessive.
Dysmenorrhea definition is painful menstruation that interferes with daily activities.
Menstrual pain is often used synonymously with menstrual cramps, also refer to menstrual uterine contractions, which are generally of higher strength, duration and frequency than in the rest of the menstrual cycle.
Dysmenorrhea including sharp, throbbing, dull, nauseating, burning, or shooting pain. Dysmenorrhea may precede menstruation by several days or may accompany it, and it usually subsides as menstruation tapers off. Dysmenorrhea may coexist with excessively heavy blood loss, known as menorrhagia.
Secondary dysmenorrhea is diagnosed when symptoms are attributable to an underlying disease, disorder, or structural abnormality either within or outside the uterus.
Primary dysmenorrhea is diagnosed when none of these are detected.
Dysmenorrhea can be classified as either primary or secondary based on the absence or presence of an underlying cause. Secondary dysmenorrhea is dysmenorrhea which is associated with an existing condition. [Reference 1]